Release your stress and tension in your neck and shoulders when you do foam roller exercises for your trapezius muscles. It can be a body-mind-soul experience that enhances your awareness of your body-mind connection! The trapezius muscles at the top of your shoulders, are one of the most overly used and tension-filled muscles.
'But the body is deeper than the soul and its secrets inscrutable.' ~ E.M. Foster (1879 – 1970)
I would first encourage you to read my anchor article on Foam Rolling. When you read this article you will learn how foam roller exercises provide for myofascial release. These exercises roll out the knots in your muscles to elongate them and provide a more balanced musculature. Make the foam roller exercises meditative, and it is a way to release emotions as well, to heal more than just your body, but your heart and soul too!
If you would like a foam roller, I prefer the full size 36 x 6 inch round. This size will enable you to do the most exercises and is easier to manage, especially if you are a beginner.
I also recommend the premium models, more expensive, but worth the money in comfort and durability. The EVA, high density, textured style is the best. These are very difficult to find and I recommend shopping online for your best selection. You can see what Amazon has to offer by clicking here. You may also like to roll on a yoga sticky mat for added comfort on hard surfaces.
In this article specifically focuses on the trapezius muscles. For more information on the thoracic spine and the upper back, see my foam rolling article for the upper back.
The trapezius muscles make up the lion’s share of the muscles in the upper back, in addition to the rhomboids that lie underneath the trapezius muscles. The trapezius can be further broken down into the upper fibers, the middle fibers and the lower fibers. The upper fibers are those that you feel at the top of the shoulders and neck, and are the area that we all seem to hold the most tension. More stress knots and muscle hot spots occur here in the upper trapezius area than perhaps any other area.
The Effects of Stress on the Traps
When you get stressed, you instinctually hold your breath. Without being conscious of it, often you also automatically scrunch up your shoulders, neck and upper back. This involves the contraction of the trapezius muscles of the top of your shoulders. When you do this often enough, the tension in the shoulders becomes chronic and usually leads to imbalance and poor posture. When poor posture becomes a habit, the shoulders slump and round forward. This then closes the chest, constricting the chest and making shallow breathing a problem. The shallower you breathe the less life energy you create. Breath is life. This leads to even more stress on your body.
By simply focusing on your shoulders as you breathe in deeply, you will find that your shoulder blades relax downward as you cease to tense up the trapezius muscles. You also bring your chest out and up to fully benefit by taking in as much breath as you can. This deep breathing action should automatically improve your posture as your chest expands and your upper trapezius muscles relax!
The Function of the Trapezius Muscles
The different sections of the trapezius muscles have different functions. In a nutshell, the upper fibers raise the scapulae, extend the neck, rotate and laterally flex the neck. The middle fibers elevate, adduct and upwardly rotate the shoulder blades. The lower fibers also add the movement of depressing or pulling down the shoulder blade. Too see the actual movements involving the trapezius muscles, I highly recommend you visit ExRx.net for their visuals of how this muscle functions.
Meditate on the Meaning of the Trapezius and Neck Muscles in Your Life
The use of body metaphors is a very common occurrence in our culture and is a reflection of our cultural knowledge of the body mind connection. To understand this concept in more depth I have written What is a Metaphor so you can understand this concept more fully.
The trapezius muscle is highly involved in the movements of the neck and shoulders. If you have upper back pain and neck pain, the trapezius muscles may be involved, since the trapezius muscle is the largest muscle of the upper back.
In this section, I will include a discussion of the muscles of the neck in conjunction with the shoulders. I have discussed the body metaphors surrounding only the shoulders so I will not discuss shoulder metaphors here. (and there are many!)
The neck and shoulders contain muscles that work together to ‘hold your head up’ and ‘hold your head high.’ These are very important body metaphors, because the psychic energy required to hold your head high, is indicative of the times when your energy is flowing outward in a very positive manner. All of you know of the time when you were ‘too tired to hold your head up.’ So the posture of your neck and shoulders is a very meaningful expression of your inner state and your level of energy.
You ‘hang your head’ when you are tired, feel shame or guilt. This posture represents the exact opposite of the above, doesn’t it? Or you ‘bow your head’ to show reverence. How would this posture be different from ‘hanging your head?’ I think all of you would recognize the difference, both in the language of the metaphor and the expression in the body, even though the posture is similar.
You ‘tilt your head back’ to display joy, express laughter or freedom. Tilting your head back denotes a carefree and happy feeling, quite different from just holding your head high. It is the extreme opposite emotion from shame or guilt, and you express it in the extreme opposite movements of the neck.
If you say, ‘he’s a pain in the neck,’ you are saying that a person bothers you to the extreme of causing you physical pain in the neck. It may indicate that you refuse to see another's side or another's position. If someone ‘turns your head around’ you are more that willing to see his point of view!
And finally, my favorite body metaphor of all, regarding the neck and shoulders is when you ‘stick your neck out.’ This body metaphor refers to a very vulnerable situation indeed. By sticking your neck out you are taking a risk that your very head will be chopped off! It is stating your opinion beyond the conventional, regardless of what others might think. It is taking a chance by being different. It is not good or bad, necessarily, just the reflection of your internal beliefs. If you have a forward head posture or a ‘humpback,’ that has become chronic, you may want to try to understand why this is so. Are you sticking your neck out too far? Should you be finding a better balance? (See Understanding Your Body)
'Sticking His Neck Out'
I have a fantastic story to illustrate this phenomenon. I was watching TV one day, and happened on a PBS station. A gentleman, who turned out to be an MD, was intently speaking regarding food addictions and the inability for most people to lose weight. I became enamored of his speech. He was saying that if you treat weight loss as a function of the body you would never loose weight. Instead, he offered, you need to change your brain. I thought – woo hoo! – a body-mind-soul approach to weight loss. I couldn’t wait to hear more.
A gigantic picture was displayed on the wall behind him, showing us how he used to look: obese and unhealthy. Then, I noticed that he had a forward head posture, or a ‘humpback’ as I like to call it. A big red flag went up as my intuition kicked in. I couldn’t stop the thought: ‘He is sticking his neck out.’ As he was talking to the audience, in order to stress a point, he would push his head and neck forward toward the crowd even farther. Hmm, what did that mean?
I continued to listen avidly to what he had to say. He showed various PET scans of the brain on a large screen above the studio audience. He proceeded to go on to describe different types of brains, according to their scan and what each type meant to the person trying to lose weight. This type of brain needed this treatment (i.e., supplement or medication). That type of brain needed that treatment. He proceeded to describe many different types of brains and what exact treatment they each specifically needed to loose weight. It really WAS about the brain, the ‘dis-eased’ brain. According to him, if you did not take his recommended supplement, you could not lose weight. More red flags kicked in – he really was sticking his neck out! I couldn’t make myself watch him anymore. He was, in my mind, scamming the traditional medical model: Take my magic pill and you will be well! (or in this case, you will loose weight). I switched the channel.
Later that day, curiosity overcame me and I looked up the name of the MD on the Internet. I discovered that consensus medical opinion did not support his views. The use of PET scans to diagnose a person’s weight-loss capabilities was controversial at best. My intuition had spoken to me and it was telling me that I was right about my impression. For me, he really was ‘sticking his neck out.’
Can you see how the use of intuition and observation will help you in your life? The better you become at understanding body metaphors, body postures and body language, the better you will be at understanding the inner condition of a lot of people. But most importantly, if you yourself have upper back pain or neck pain, or have a forward neck posture, reflect on what this means about your inner condition!
Create Positive Affirmations for Health surrounding Your Neck and Upper Back Pain:
Foam Roller Exercises for Your Trapezius Muscles
When you do your foam roller exercises for your trapezius muscles, meditate on what the meaning of your sore neck, shoulders and your upper back pain has in your life.
As you roll the area and hit a knot or sore spot, you can shorten the stroke, and focus short, back and forth movements on that spot. Or you can hold the pressure on the spot as you breathe deeply and really feel the soreness. Meditate on what the knot may mean in your life as you roll it. Let the knot release, and with it an emotional release may also occur. You are elongating and creating space within your body for newness. This space provides for relaxation and for healing. Create your own movements, as you go. Use your intuition to go where it hurts – to go to those areas that need work. Your spine may crack and if it does, this usually feels really good!
Foam rolling the upper back can be done to relieve upper back pain. Although most back pain is in the lower back, or lumbar spine, you may be surprised to find your upper back is quite sore too. If you are using foam roller exercises for relief of upper back pain, proceed with caution! Never push so hard that the pain will cause you to hold your breath. That is counterproductive, because the holding of the breath will only tense the muscle further and not allow the myofascial release. This is exactly what you do not want! You do not want to create more tension in the muscle. Always remember to breathe deeply and evenly, sending your breath and your attention to the sore area as you roll. This invites the relaxation respone in your body. When you apply pressure to a sore area, increase the depth of your breath even more! Continue to breath deeply throughout the entire foam roller exercise so that you are relaxing and releasing.
Pain may also be a warning that something more serious is wrong. You may need a medical evaluation if the pain is such that with moderate pressure and deep breathing, you cannot release the pain (See When Pain is a Medical Emergency).
While you roll, fully experience the pressure and the pain. Instead of avoiding the pain, fully experience it, by moving into the pain. As you deep breathe, the muscle will release. In the releasing, the emotions that started it in the first place will release as well, along with the accompanying physical pain. This is the beauty of foam roller exercises!
As with all Intuitive Movement, make my descriptions a starting point only. Always vary the foam roller exercises as you sense through your own body, where you need to go and how you need to move. You will know intuitively, what is your most effective self-myofascial release. See also my upper back foam roller exercises. The foam roller exercises on this page are more targeted, to try to focus on specific areas of the trapezius muscle.
When you feel the myofascial release of the foam roller movements on your body, I know you will become addicted to it, as I have! It feels great!
Foam Roller Exercise Video for the Trapezius and Upper Back:
Written Instructions, Followed by the Video, below:
Upper Back Stretches
To enhance the release in your trapezius muscles, you can also do neck and upper back stretches as part of your body-mind-soul healing program. I am fond of the following yoga upper back stretches, that are in the following video: Cat/Cow Stretch, Child's Pose, Cobra Pose and Downward Dog.
The following are standard trap/upper back stretches. When you do the first two upper back stretches below, pull on your head, as you focus on dropping the opposite shoulder, to try to touch the ground by your side. You can also try the more difficult Garland Pose that will really pull on your upper shoulders for a great upper back stretch of the trapezius. The garland pose will also really open your hips.
Ear to left shoulder, trapezuis stretch
Ear to right shoulder, trapezius stretch
In the next two upper back stretches, wrap your elbow around the underside of your knee. The weight of your leg will pull your shoulder down for a great trapezius stretch. I call this the Half-Flowering Lotus Pose. These poses also open your hips as well as stretch your Traps. Just for fun, for a real stretch and balance/core exercise, grab both legs at once and try the full Flowering Lotus Pose!
Half Flowering Lotus, left side
Half Flowering Lotus, right side
Flowering Lotus Pose
Another great trapezius exercise stretch is the shoulder shrug. Shrug your shoulders up as tight as you can. Then release your trapezius muscles by dropping your shoulders as you bring your arms out to the side to reach down to touch the ground, as illustrated:
Trapezuis Stretch, Shoulder Shrug
Trapezius Stretch, Arm Extension
If you have neck pain that accompanies your upper back and trap pain,
you may want to do some basic, meditative neck stretches by going to my
article on Neck Pain.
Don't forget that I have even more yoga upper back stretches on my upper back foam roller exercises page. You may wish to visit this page as well.
May your body-mind-soul be healed as you use my foam roller exercises for the trapezius muscles in your daily routine!
Foam Roller Exercises for the Upper Body and Upper Back: